Winemaking in Peru dates back to the Spanish colonisation of the South American country in the 16th century. With grape varietals arriving shortly after. In the 1540’s, Bartolomé de Terrazas and Francisco de Carabantes planted vines in Peru, with Francisco establishing vineyards in Ica. Spaniards from Andalucia and Extremadura then used these to introduce wine grape vines into Chile. There are 5 different vineyard regions in Peru: the North Coast, the Central Coast, the South Coast, Andean Sierra and Selva. The most important wine areas lie in the Central and South Coast where the best known wines, like Tacama, Vista Alegre and Ocucaje are produced.